Coloring horses. Description, features and names of suits of horses

The color of a horse is not only the color of its coat, but also of its skin and eyes. The distribution of colors, their intensity, matters. Therefore, in addition to the main suits, there are ants. They are largely due to genetics.

therefore suits of horses are also associated with the qualities of character, build, health. In the countries of the East they say: - "Do not buy a red horse, sell a black one, take care of a white horse, riding a bay." The proverb reflects the friability of the constitution of light horses, the zealous nature of ravens and the low working capacity of red ones.

Therefore, the Arabs and advise the bay. They are hardy, obedient, reliable in every way. However, fashion often makes people ignore folk truths. So, in the Percheron breed of low and powerfully built tractors before there were only gray horses. They were in fashion. But when the black suit entered it, they ceased to breed gray perchers.

Percherson is one of the most powerful and hardy breeds.

Bay suit

Bay Horse implies brown coloring of the body. The same is characteristic of wild horses. Accordingly, bay horses are genetically close to them. The unpretentiousness, endurance of brown horses is associated with this. They are the fastest, because in nature often have to run away from predators, pursuers.

Natural selection gave the bay great health. Confirmation of this is the record among horses for life expectancy. His name is Billy. Merin from Cleveland lived for 62 years with an average horse age of a quarter century.

With gelding Billy did not stand on ceremony. Until the end of days and from a young age, the horse towed along the shore of the barge. This confirms the stamina of the bay. No wonder among them there is another record. It's about the most expensive stallion. His name is Frenkel. It costs a steed 200 million dollars. The average cost of a horse is 5 thousand conventional units.

One of the most common colors of horses is bay

The bay suit has 8 offsets. It is easy to imagine a dark and light brown horse, deer-bay, golden, chestnut and cherry. Two more names need decryption.

Horse chestnut color

The undergrowth is characterized by bleached areas in the groin, elbows and near the eyes of the animal. It is easy to remember, knowing the term "tan," that is, blackout. Podlas is the opposite.

Horse of the undersuit

The last bay option is horse suit. The term is taken from the Turkic. There, "kara-kul" means "black-brown. This is the essence names. Horse suits dark brown body and black legs, tail, mane are characteristic.

Horse of Karak suit

Wild horses are black with a brown bottom of legs. In domestic bay horses the limbs are also lighter. On a brown background they are white. In adulthood, this color is rarely preserved. With age, the legs darken.

In young bay foals, the limbs, on the contrary, are lighter

Pinto Horse

Black suit

Black horse implies black hair, eyes, skin. There are 4 possible ways: blue-black, tanned, silver and ashen-black.

Black horse

Black suit of horse in tanning it is identical to karakova, since a brown tone is visible on the back of the animal. However, black, and not chocolate, skin gives black individuals. In addition, the root of the tanned hair is black. You can only consider it live.

Black horse in tan

Bay and black colors of horses in the photo may not be distinguishable. This is the reason for the confusion on the Internet. Under the pictures of apparently identical horses there are different signatures.

The silver crow has a gray mane, tail. Body color is saturated, black.

Silver-black color of the horse

But ash individuals at a certain angle, in the rays of sunset, shine with chocolate.

In the Komi Republic, there is a legend about 3 horses carrying peace. In order to have time for rest, the horses replace each other. When the Earth lies on a red croup, that is a bay specimen, peace reigns on the planet. A white horse takes a burden, bringing death, enmity. The black stallion carries the planet in times of pestilence and famine.

This legend reflects the stereotypical attitude towards the ravens. Many peoples associated them with the other world. Some generals used this. So, supplementing his image on the battlefield with a black horse, Alexander of Macedon inflicted additional horror on his enemies. The horse of the commander, by the way, was called Bucephalus.

Black horse maybe with light hooves. This is acceptable, however, with most black horses and hooves anthracite tone.

Among the horses there are Frisian and Ariezhuazsky breeds. For both, the only standard color is the crow. Other suits are considered tribal marriage.

Red suit

Red suit of horse dignified by the ancient kissed flame. The light border of the color is apricot, and the dark one is rye brown.

Subtypes of red color 4. First - game suit. Horses with her brown shade with a light mane and tail. The latter combines several tones, for example, creamy, sandy, vanilla, milk. The tail or mane is in the color of the body of the steed. For the play suit, a whitish coloring of only the tail, or only mane, is sufficient.

The game suit is a derivative of the Russian "playful" and Tersky "gazelles". The latter means "cautious." It turns out that in the old days they called brisk, but careful horses, as game ones. This character is more often characteristic of red horses with a light mane.

Horse of suit color

Among the subtypes of redhead also Bulan suit. Horses golden, with black tail, mane and limbs. This color is found in deer. Tatars call them Bulans. However, dark individuals can easily be confused with light bay.

It’s easy to recognize the Bulan suit by its golden tint

The third offshoot of the red color of the horses is brown. Looks like dark bay. However, the last suit involves an equally black mane, tail, legs. In brown animals, the limbs are also brownish.

Brown horses are the same burka from Russian fairy tales. In reality, Lisette distinguished herself by her suit. That was the name for the mare of Peter the Great. Lysette is captured with the emperor in paintings and a share of the famous Bronze Horseman is cast in copper. The mare's body was mummified. The stuffed animal can be seen in the Zoological Museum of the cultural capital.


Brown horses

Brown spade - Kaura. Horse suit has 2 name. Therefore, the fairy tale about the humpbacked skate also says "nibble-burka red kaurka". The coloration is borrowed from the wild ancestors of horses, determined by the DUN gene. It brightens areas on the body of an ungulate. Most often, the armpits and the sides of the horse are dusted with dust, as it were.

Horse kauri suit

The fourth variety of red color - tin suit. Horses with her are also royal. The suit is popularized by Isabella of Castile. She ruled Spain in the 15th century. The queen loved rare horse suits, especially dirty yellow with mane and tail shades of mowed grass, smoke, fresh milk.

The name of the salt suit is derived from the Spanish solr, that is, "dirt." In this case, the color of the eyes of the saline is pure, like transparent amber.

Salt one of the rare suits

In the remnants of the redhead and isabella color. Horses creamy tones have pale pink skin and blue eyes. Coloring is even less common than salt. In particular, isabella is included in suits of Akhal-Teke horses. These are tall and slender horses. Bred horses in Turkmenistan.

Isabel's color of horses is easy to distinguish from the rest.

Gray suit

Gray suit of horse typical for Oryol horses. Earlier, Count Orlov was engaged in their breeding. Hence the name of the breed. One of her ancestors was Smetanka. That was the name of the horse bought by the Count from the Sultan from Turkey. Sour cream was gray. The horse did not live long in Russia.

In the snowy expanses did not have time to see how Sour cream turns white. With age, gray horses tend to lighten up to a snowy tone. The color change speed is individual. Some stallions and mares turn white already by the age of 3-4.

In fact, the gray suit is transformed black or bay. Foals are born dark. However, the skin of single individuals produces little pigment. Hair after hair begins to turn white. Interspersed with white color, the white hairs give gray.

On the legs and croup of the hair fades less, and on the sides, head and neck stronger. In this case, the skin of animals is uniformly black.

The gray color has several flavors. The most famous are apples. Round whitish spots are distributed in accordance with the pattern of plexus of blood vessels under and in the skin of a horse. Light "apples" are located on a gray background.

“Apples” refers to the color of a horse with round bleached patches.

Another variation of the gray suit is buckwheat. Large spots are small spots on the horse's body. Marks are distributed evenly, or in sections. Buckwheat is brown, dark gray and reddish in color. The last option is the suit of the famous Sour Cream. This coloring is also called trout.

Buckwheat color is often referred to as trout color.

From the remnants of mention I’m piecing. Horse suit implies extensive irregular-shaped spots. Marks are darker than the main background, with brownish hairs.

Gray-pinto horse

White suit

White color of a horse may be confused with light gray. The latter is characteristic of Arabian horses. However, whites are born as such, and do not become in the process of life. Moreover, animals cannot be considered albino. The eyes of the brown horses are brown. Capillaries shine through albinos, making their eyes red.

In addition to brown eyes, white horses are distinguished by pink skin. In gray horses it is dark, even with a light hair tone.

Of varieties suits of light horses several. They are named according to the names of the color-determining genes. One of them is dominant - white. There is also an awkward frame overo. Outwardly the same white, only horses die in youth. Therefore, in the United States began to conduct examination on the lethal gene.

Horses overs often have black markings on a white background. If the overo gene is not found, the horse is considered viable. In Russia, by the way, white horses with black marks are called forelocks. They brought these from Central Asia, where they brought them out.

Chubara color of a horse - the rarity that distinguishes the Issyk-Kul breed. There are still individuals with pinto spots. These are carriers of the sabino gene. Also called an otmak.


Roan suit

Roan suit of horse can be based on a raven, red, bay background and consists in the staining of white hairs. They are distributed randomly. Head and legs usually remain the main color. On the body, white hairs can collect in small spots or evenly interspersed with dark ones.

In accordance with the main background, a raven-red and red-toed roe are distinguished. Horses are born with her. The color does not change to old age, that is, it does not lighten. But during the year from season to season, color saturation changes. Only the tone of the mane is constant.

Distinguished by roan horses and increased ability to regenerate. If the horse's skin is damaged, the scar remains hairless. In roan individuals, the scars are covered with wool. She is the main tone. White hairs on scars do not grow.

Roan horses are a rarity, at all times they were especially revered in Russia, standing 7-8 times more expensive than others. Accordingly, the owners of roan mares and horses were noble persons. A rogue, so to speak, were considered roan horses with a light lock in the tail. This occurs in approximately 13% of the representatives of the suit. The white strand is thin, as if highlighted.

The eyes and hooves of roan are always dark, in the color of the main suit. If a horse, for example, her black eyes should be dark brown, and hooves anthracite tone. The body of the animal looks blue-gray. This is the result of the dilution of black whitish hairs.

Roan horses rare color

When studying suits, it is worth considering the discrepancies in the names used by different experts, peoples. Kaura coloring, for example, is not only called brown. There is another term - Savras suit. "Horses wild coloring "is also a common term. Horse breeders know that the suit is inherited. Knowing the horse’s pedigree is easier to predict what color its offspring will be.

In the photo, the horse Savraza suit

Watch the video: HORSE (February 2020).

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