Black Mamba considered one of the most dangerous, high-speed and fearless snakes. The genus Dendroaspis, to which this reptile belongs, is translated from the Latin language literally as "tree snake".
Contrary to its name, its color is most often not black (in contrast to the mouth, thanks to which it, in fact, got its nickname). The people are frankly afraid of her and even afraid to pronounce her real name so that she wouldn’t inadvertently hear him and take this gesture for an invitation to visit, replacing it with the allegorical one that avenges the insults.
Despite all the existing superstitions behind which ordinary fear lurks, scientists also confirm that black mamba snake in fact, it is not only one of the most poisonous snakes on the entire planet, but also has extremely aggressive behavior.
Features and habitat of black mamba
Sizes of black mamba recognized as the largest among other varieties of this genus. Perhaps this is why it is the least suitable for living on trees and most often it can be found in the midst of rare bushes.
Adult individuals reach a length of up to three meters, although there have been isolated cases when the length of some specimens exceeded four and a half meters. During movement, this snake is capable of speeds above eleven kilometers per hour, on a flat surface the speed of its throws can reach twenty kilometers per hour.
The color of adult representatives of this species is most often from dark brown to black, although there are individual individuals that have a rather variegated color. In youth, the color of these snakes is usually less saturated and ranges from dirty white to light brown.
Black mamba dwells mainly from Somalia to Senegal and from South West Africa to Ethiopia. Distributed also in South Sudan, Tanzania, Kenya, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Since it is not adapted to life on trees, it is practically impossible to meet it in the tropical rain jungle. Its main habitat is slopes, strewn with stones, river valleys, savannas and rare forests with small thickets of various shrubs.
Since most of the land previously inhabited by representatives of the genus Dendroaspis is currently occupied by humans, the black mamba is forced to settle not far from small villages and towns.
One of the places where this snake likes to be located is reed beds, where, in fact, the bulk of its attacks on humans takes place. Also quite often, representatives of this genus populate abandoned termite mounds, crevices and hollows of trees located at a relatively low height.
The nature and lifestyle of black mamba
Black Mamba - a poisonous snake, and its difference from other reptiles, dangerous to humans - in incredibly aggressive behavior. There are frequent cases when she attacks first, without waiting for an immediate threat from people.
Raising the upper part of her own body and making support on the tail, she makes a rapid ejection towards her victim, biting her for a split second and not letting her come to her senses. Often, before attacking a person, she opens her mouth with a frightening black color, which can frighten even people with strong nerves.
It is believed that the dose of poison, which can be fatal, starts at fifteen milligrams, but literally in one black mamba bite a person can get an amount ten to twenty times higher than this indicator.
In the event that the person was bitten by this dangerous snake, he needs to enter an antidote within four hours, but if the bite fell directly on the face, then after some fifteen to twenty minutes, he could die of paralysis.
The poison of black mamba It contains a huge amount of fast-acting neurotoxins, as well as caliciseptin, which is incredibly dangerous for the cardio system, causing not only muscle stupor and destruction of the nervous system, but also suffocation along with cardiac arrest.
If you do not introduce an antidote, then death occurs in one hundred percent of cases. There are rumors among the people that one such snake at a time hit several individuals of cattle and horses.
To date, special polyvalent serums have been developed that, if administered on time, can neutralize the poison, so if a black mamba bites, urgent medical intervention is urgently needed.In spite of all its aggressiveness, these snakes are not the first to attack people, except in the case of self-defense.
Most often they just try to freeze in place or get away from direct contact. If the bite does occur, the person’s body temperature rises rapidly and he begins to intensively fever, so it’s best not to meet her face to face, restricting yourself to watching photo of black mamba on the internet or by reading black mamba reviews on the expanses of the World Wide Web.
Eating Black Mamba
About the black mamba, we can definitely say that this snake is perfectly oriented in the surrounding area equally well both in the dark and in the daytime. Therefore, she can go hunting when she pleases.
Her diet includes a huge number of various warm-blooded representatives of the animal world from squirrels, various rodents and birds to bats. Occasionally, some species of reptiles become its prey. Black mamba snake eats also frogs, although in exceptional cases, preferring other food to them.
These snakes hunt in approximately the same way: at first they sneak up on their victim, then bite it and crawl to the side in anticipation of its death. In the event that the concentration of the poison was insufficient for a quick fatal outcome, they can crawl out of the shelter for a second bite.
As mentioned above, these representatives of reptiles are champions among other snakes in speed of movement, so it is very difficult for the victim to hide from them.
Reproduction and longevity
The mating season in the black mamba usually takes place from the end of spring to the beginning of summer. Males enter into fights for the right to possess a female. Weaving into a knot, they begin to beat each other with their heads until the weakest one escapes from the battlefield. It is worth noting that in this case they do not use poison against their relatives, giving the loser the right to hide unhindered.
Immediately after mating, the snakes disperse each into its nest. The number of eggs per clutch can reach two dozen. Small snakes are born about a month later, and their length can already exceed half a meter. Literally from birth, they have potent poison and can independently hunt small rodents.
The life span of these snakes in captivity reaches twelve years, in the wild - about ten, because despite their danger they have enemies, such as mongooses, on which the poison of the black mamba has no effect or wild boars.