Leonberger is an official breed of dog. An excellent watchman and security guard, capable of scaring any ill-wisher by its size. But, despite the formidable look, they are affectionate and complaisant with their masters. Able to perform many roles that a person wants to see from them. Dogs can be companions, guide dogs, shepherds and even nannies.
History of breed origin
This is the oldest breed of dog bred in Germany.. The breed got its name from the German city of Leonberg - the city of Leo, on the coat of arms of which the king of animals was depicted. At the end of the 19th century, the head of Leonberg's municipality, Heinrich Essig, who loves animals and his city, decided to combine these two feelings into one and fulfill his dream - to breed a dog breed that looks like a lion.
In the late 30s and early 40s of the 19th century, he crossed a black and white Newfoundland with a long-haired St. Bernard, resulting in unusual puppies. Then the blood of a large breed of a Pyrenean mountain dog was poured into the breed. Subsequent offspring, he again crossed with St. Bernard yellow-white color. Subsequently, a completely new breed was born, with a silver-gray coat and a mask on its head. Massive and shaggy outside, but brave and faithful inside.
It is interesting! These dogs were able to swim, had keen hearing and eyesight, and possessed great endurance and strength. Leonbergers have rightfully become a living symbol of the city.
Leonberger admired, they were brought up by wealthy people in Germany. Puppies were presented as an expensive gift to representatives of other states.
- In 1846, the first representatives of the breed appeared, having absorbed the best qualities from their ancestors. Soon they became popular all over the world.
- The Bern Museum houses the first registration and description of the breed.
- In 1890, the Leonberger Club was founded.
- In 1895, Albert Cull recorded the first breed standard. Unfortunately for breeders, in wartime and in great need of the post-war period, the number of breeding dogs critically fell. But in 1922 the Club was renewed. This involved 5 individuals, which were kept by breeders during the war.
- The International Kennel Federation recognized the breed in 1905.
- In Russia, Leonberger began to breed in 1989.
- The monument to the dog that made Leonberg famous throughout the world was unveiled on September 23, 2007.
- Today, Leonberg is the center for exhibitions of Kleb Leonberger in Germany.
A dog of this breed at first glance gives a sense of power. Indeed, the Leonberger is very strong and was once used to transport heavy loads. These are large, proportionately folded dogs, but at the same time clever and graceful.
- The case is massive with a slightly tucked bottom line.
- Clear withers, which is especially noticeable in males.
- Strong, straight back.
- Wide, well-muscled lower back.
- Wide, slightly elongated croup, not upturned, smoothly passing into the base of the tail.
- Deep, wide, oval chest. The depth of the chest is approximately 50% of the height at the withers.
- A large, elongated head, the occipital part of which is wider than the temporal one. Slightly convex top of the head. The ratio of the muzzle to the skull is 1: 1. Tight skin, no wrinkles.
- Skull with a moderately pronounced transition from the forehead to the muzzle.
- Not pointed, moderately long face with a black mask. Slightly convex and wide, straight nose. Never bent. Long.
- Black nose.
- Black, tight-fitting lips. The corners of the lips are closed.
- White teeth, the upper row of which densely overlaps the lower. They are located vertically. Standard - 42 teeth. No molar M3 allowed.
- Strong jaws with scissor bite. A tick-shaped bite is allowed.
- Slightly developed cheekbones.
- Medium, oval eyes set deeply. From cognac to dark brown color, with tight-fitting eyelids. The conjunctiva is not visible.
- Medium, set high, fold, fleshy ears.
- The neck is long, turning into the withers with a slight bend. The skin on the throat fits snugly.
- The tail is densely covered with long thick hair. In the rack, calmly hanging, in movement slightly curved, but rushing no higher than the back.
- Strong, straight, parallel, wide-set forelegs.
- Long shoulder blades, obliquely set, with developed muscles. Elbows tight to the chest.
- Strong, strong metacarpus. Front straight, when viewed from the side almost vertically standing.
- Paws are rounded, directly set without club feet. Metatarsus sheer, fingers arched, tightly compressed. There are skin jumpers between the fingers, which makes the representatives of this breed excellent swimmers. Paw pads are black.
- Black claws.
- Muscular hind limbs. Parallel, not narrow delivery. The paws and hocks are parallel directed. Dewclaws are removed.
- The hips are long, with developed muscles, obliquely set. Shins and hips form a clear angle.
- Strong, with a clear angle between the lower leg and metatarsal hocks. Arched fingers, black pads.
- Smooth, moisture resistant, long with thick undercoat. Around the neck a collar of the color of a lion's hair. The hairs on the forelimbs are pronounced, the "pants" on the hind legs. A small white spot or narrow groove on the chest, white hair on the fingers are acceptable.
- Males should have two normally developed testes located in the scrotum.
- The movements are uniform and consistent. Sweeping step with a powerful push of the hind limbs. The limb moves rectilinearly when viewed from the front and rear, independently, in steps or trot.
The nature of the dog.
Leonberger - Best Family Breed and Companion. They are loving, faithful and devoid of timidity. A cheerful, affectionate and friendly breed, which is the embodiment of all that people love in dogs. Gentle and caring Leonberger will be suitable for babysitting. Hearing the crying of the child, they will rush to calm him, even if he is not yours. It is worth remembering that only adults are showing love for children. Puppies can, in the process of playing, knock down a child or bite, mistaking them for a fellow tribesman.
Having a puppy in a house with small children, do not leave them alone. Dog training should begin with 3 months. Do not shout and punish the puppy for no reason. Leonbergers react very painfully to screams, so you need to be patient or seek help from a specialist. Despite the fact that Leonberger is a formidable guard, he is only able to scare away an attacker with his appearance, without using his teeth. It is important and calm, and a flexible psyche allows you to adapt to any host. With such a defender one should not worry about the safety of property, he will perfectly protect his territory.
Important! The manifestation of aggression in this breed will entail immediate disqualification of the dog.
- Lion yellow
- Red red
- Sand - fawn or cream
- Red brown
Mandatory presence of a black mask on the face and black ears. Black hair ends are allowed, but this color cannot dominate the overall color. A missing or incomplete face mask is a disqualifying factor.
Leonberger lives relatively short - only 8-9 years. They are susceptible to many diseases, which is characteristic of large breeds. But they have better health than representatives of other large breeds, because breeders in all countries are very responsible in caring for them. Leonberger breeding requirements are observed in all countries of the world where the rules of the International Kennel Federation are in force.
This breed, due to its size, is not suitable for maintenance in an apartment. It will be good to equip the territory for the dog in the courtyard of a private house so that the dog can move freely throughout the day. Breeders do not recommend keeping the dog in the aviary, because he needs constant communication with people.
Care and hygiene.
- Every day, comb with a metal comb or comb to remove dead hair and avoid tangles.
- You need to bathe as it gets dirty or once a month. In the hot season, you can allow swimming in accessible reservoirs.
- Eye should be examined. To avoid acidification, wipe it once a week with a clean cloth dipped in a weak tea brew.
- Claws need to be cut with a clipper 1 time per month.
- Wipe your ears regularly with a damp cloth. Inspect the inside of the auricle and ventilate. Healthy ears inside are pink, without excess sulfur and have no unpleasant odor.
- Teeth and gums should be regularly examined. For the prevention of tartar, it is worth introducing fresh tomatoes into the diet. For brushing your teeth, you can gnaw on solid foods, such as whole carrots.
- Be sure to conduct preventive treatment of a pet from fleas and ticks once a month. A large dog with long hair is difficult to inspect after each walk, and ticks are a great danger to the health and life of the dog.
- The parasite remedy is applied to the withers and bathing is excluded for 10 days. Children should not be allowed to pet the dog. After playing with the dog, you should thoroughly wash your hands with soap.
Important! It is necessary to accustom the pet to any procedures since puppyhood. It will be impossible to cope with an adult dog.
Walking should not be too active. For large breeds, 1-2 hours is enough to run or train teams. For dog walking in the hot season, you should find a shady place. Due to the long coat and thick undercoat there is a risk of heat stroke.
To maintain the physical health of the dog, you should feed it with natural products, but dry food is also suitable. It is important to choose the food in accordance with the needs of the dog. In case of difficulty, you should seek help from a specialist. Dry food includes a complex of vitamins and minerals. This is a good prevention of tartar in a pet. Care should be taken to ensure that the Leonberger consumes sufficient water after ingestion.
When choosing natural food for a pet, you should adhere to the main rule of the dog breeder - do not feed the dog from the table. Unbalanced, fatty and too salty foods lead to an upset digestive tract. Dog food should be at room temperature. In no case should you give too cold or too hot food. It is necessary to ensure that the pet always has clean and fresh water.
Important! The daily rate of food can be easily determined by how much energy the pet spends.
If he refuses food, it is worth putting it in the refrigerator until the next feeding. If you refuse food, the next portion should be less. It is necessary to monitor the behavior of the dog. Refusal of food can be a consequence of the disease. In this case, you should contact your veterinarian. Leonberger should be normal fat with well-developed muscles.
- Low-fat meat - raw or doused with boiling water.
- Boiled boneless sea fish.
- Buckwheat and rice porridge.
- Seasonal vegetables.
- Turkey necks.
You can add 1 tbsp. l vegetable oil per day in any dish.
- Smoked meats.
- Spicy food.
- Fat meat.
- Bones of a bird.
- Fried bird.
Puppies from 2 months are fed 5-6 times a day. From 4 months - 4 times. Up to 7 months should be fed 3-4 times a day. Adult dogs are fed 2 times a day - in the morning and in the evening. As a dinner, meat dishes are perfect, it is digested longer, and the pet will be full until the morning.
Important! A balanced diet is the key to the dog’s health and comfort.
Diseases and birth defects.
Specialists call hip dysplasia, allergies and dermatitis, Addison's disease, osteochondrosis and hypothyroidism the most common diseases in the breed.
- Cataracts are rare in this breed.
- There is a pedigree predisposition to the inversion of the century. Entropion is an incorrect position of the eyelids, in which their free edge is shifted inward to the eyeball.
- Addison's disease is an ailment characterized by a violation of the functions of the adrenal cortex, dangerous and difficult to diagnose. In the presence of the disease, the pet experiences weakness, the heart rate decreases, and a shock condition may begin. An urgent consultation and a thorough examination in a veterinary clinic are required if these symptoms are detected. Diseases are more often affected by young bitches.
- Hip dysplasia is a disease leading to lameness. If chromate occurs for no apparent reason, you should contact an orthopedist. With surgical treatment, the chances of preventing the development of the disease become greater.
- Hypothyroidism is a deficiency of the thyroid hormone. It manifests itself in general weakness, a decrease in the mental abilities of the animal, infertility, a noticeable weight gain, frequent diarrhea and vomiting. To identify the disease requires complex diagnosis and specific tests.
Education and training.
Despite his kind nature, the dog will not be obedient both in everyday life and on a walk, not to mention exhibitions with a large number of people and other dogs. Leonbergers grow up late and have a flexible brain, thanks to which they well remember everything that the owner puts into them. Socializing a dog takes a lot of time and effort, so you should be patient.
To educate them is not so simple, but there is no question of an impossible task. The Germans start training their pets early and demand from them not only obedience, but also strict discipline.
It is interesting! To learn the dog as a watchman, you should start training with 2-3 months.
Leonbergers are very diverse animals.. In the XIX century, they were used for transportation of goods, protection and childcare. Dogs that have not lost their unique versatility to this day. Raising this proud breed will not be punished. They simply will not be needed, dogs are smart by nature and dream to please a person. For their training you will need only patience, affection and goodies.
The desire to make such a four-legged friend is quite understandable. But you should always objectively evaluate your capabilities and, of course, pay attention to important factors when choosing a puppy.
What to look for.
First of all, you should find a trusty nursery, find reviews about it. Get to know the parents of the future pet and inspect the entire litter. You should choose an active and boldly walking contact puppy. It is necessary to conduct a general examination of the baby. Pay attention to ears, coat, skin and eyes. Make sure that you have all the necessary examinations and vaccinations. If the puppy meets all these points, feel free to take him to the family!
Leonberger puppy price
Puppies of this breed are not cheap. The initial price of a puppy is from 30,000. If the price is lower, this may indicate some serious defects. If you want to buy a puppy, which is waiting for an exhibition career in the future, the price will start at 50,000 rubles.
The owners of such beautiful dogs are obligatory people who fully appreciate all the responsibility assigned to them. Therefore, negative reviews about this breed are not found.
People who, without thinking, brought such a dog in the apartment, move to houses and thank their pets for the incentive to improve their living conditions. They note the relative ease of training, thanks to their natural mental abilities and flexibility.They are considered the best dogs for the family, because these dogs are one of the most affectionate, friendly and loyal.